In Reception we use basic math language all the time, sometimes without realizing it. For example, when we keep score during a game and determine how much our team is ahead or behind (number and operations), or give someone directions to get from one place to another (spatial relationships), or use comparison words (measurement) such as big and little and use patterns to explain the order of daily routines and activities. We also play games and sing songs that use numbers and counting.


Even without our support, children still use math concepts to make sense of their world. Each day offers countless opportunities to help them deepen their understanding of math concepts. We constantly talk about maths through the five basic math concepts to build children’s positive attitude toward math learning and learning in general. These are:

Shapes and spatial relationships:—Recognizing and naming shapes, understanding the physical relationship between ourselves and other objects and the relationships between objects.

Patterns, relationships, and change:—Recognizing (seeing the relationships that make up a pattern) and/or creating repetitions of objects, events, colors, lines, textures, and sounds; understanding that things change over time and that change can be described with math words.

Measurement:—size, weight, quantity, volume, and time.

Collecting and organizing information—gathering, sorting, classifying, and analyzing information (data) to help make sense of what is happening in the environment.

Number and operations:—understanding the concept of number, quantity, order, and ways of representing and recognising numbers.